Making Presentations

1. Draft your presentation before making the slides. Outlining helps you make sure you have a clear message for each slide, and removes the temptation to stuff each slide with too many words, or too many points.

Creating

2. Use simple layouts; Skip the stock template and create cleaner presentations by starting with a clean presentation and building from there.
3. Use a consistent colour scheme for slides, headings, charts. For example: the first bar/pie in the chart must always be blue, the second red and so on.
4. Use few (~5) colours
5. Make sure your charts present data in descending/ascending order.
6. Have clear titles and headings.
7. Cite sources on the slide and not in a compendium at the end.
8. Have only one key message per slide and present it in a yellow box or in the heading.
9. Have an Executive Summary slide. This could also double as the conclusion slide.
10. Have slide numbers.
11. Have a slide with the names/photos of the team-members.
12. Change colour/size for emphasis instead of bolding.
13. Do not use cliches.
14. Avoid bullet points as much as possible
15. Use Sans Serif Fonts

Tips & Tricks

16. Start with a date. It gets people thinking about how long ago it was, if they can guess what happened on that date, if it was in their lifetime, what were they doing back then. It is one of the few universal presentation openers that is almost guaranteed to engage your audience immediately.

17.

 

Presenting

18. Give handouts to the panel.
19. Have the team members introduce themselves.
20. Always speak in “we” and not “I”.
21. Mention the key takeaway from each slide.
22. Know thy numbers.

 


Sources

 

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Hygiene

Hands

According to the CDC, you should wash your hands:

  1. Before, during, and after preparing food
  2. Before eating food
  3. Before and after caring for someone who is sick
  4. Before and after treating a cut or wound
  5. After using the toilet
  6. After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
  7. After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
  8. After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
  9. After handling pet food or pet treats
  10. After touching garbage

The right way to wash your hands:

Follow the five steps below to wash your hands the right way every time.

  1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.
  4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.

Mouth, Gums & Teeth

  1. Wind: Wind 18 inches of floss around middle fingers of each hand. Pinch floss between thumbs and index fingers, leaving a one- to two-inch length in between. Use thumbs to direct floss between upper teeth.
  2. Guide: Keep a one- to two-inch length of floss taut between fingers. Use index fingers to guide floss between contacts of the lower teeth.
  3. Glide: Gently guide floss between the teeth by using a zig-zag motion. DO NOT SNAP FLOSS BETWEEN YOUR TEETH. Contour floss around the side of the tooth.
  4. Slide: Slide floss up and down against the tooth surface and under the gum line. Floss each tooth thoroughly with a clean section of floss.

Mouth wash: If you practice proper oral care, mouth wash shouldn’t totally be a necessity, but it can’t hurt. It helps to eliminate extra bacteria and can help fight cavities. Just make sure you don’t use it as a replacement for brushing or to mask bad breath. Only solving the underlying problems will actually help.


Shower

Start by allowing water to run over you for a couple minutes. Warm water can make it easier to remove dirt and residue. Make sure it isn’t super hot, which can dry out your skin.

At the end of your shower turn the water really (or all the way) cold. This will wake you up and get blood flowing. It also closes your pores to allow for less dirt and bacteria to get in to help reduce acne problems.


Hair

As we established earlier, you should do any shaving towards the end of your shower. Washing your face should also come towards the end, as this is the area that most benefits from being run under warm water. Of course, all this waiting around may start to feel comfortable, but don’t dawdle too long. As our sister site Jezebel learned when discussing showering with Dr. Sanjay Jain, spending more than 10 to 15 minutes or so in the shower can start to strip away healthy oils and damage your skin more than it helps.

 


Towels & Clothes

Washcloths and loofahs can harbor bacteria, mold, and yeast, says dermatologist Joel Schlessinger, M.D. If you use a loofah, make sure you replace it at least once a month. Schlessinger says the best way to keep loofahs clean is to dry them completely between uses—even if that means storing it outside of the moisture-filled shower. If you prefer washcloths, grab a fresh one every day, and avoid using it on your face. This is very irritating to the skin and ends up causing dry areas, breakouts, and even sores, says Schlessinger, who recommends washing your face with your hands instead.

It is best to wash bathroom towels every 3-5 times they are used. Notice that I did not write every 3-5 days.

That really is the maximum times a towel needs to be dampened (from drying you off), allowed to dry, and then be used again.


Smell


 

Charisma

Charisma

The tips in this section are primarily based on Dr. Olivia Fox Cabane’s book, ‘The Charisma Myth’ and the summaries of the book provided by /u/SuavePadawan and /u/upandup123 on /r/getSuave and on The Art of Manliness. There are 3 elements to Charisma: Presence, Power and Warmth.


 

Presence

Essentially active listening

 

  • Bring yourself to the here and now. Learn to focus on something such as your toes or your breath. That will bring you more into the moment and make you more present.
  • Make sure you’re physically comfortable
  • Set your devices on silent and put them out of sight
  • Look the person in the eye when they’re talking
    • Maintain eye contact, not doing so can be considered uncomfortable by some
    • Keep the regions around your eyes “soft”. Stern looks can intimidate people.
  • Nod to show that you’re listening
  • Ask clarifying questions
  • Avoid fidgeting
  • Don’t think about how you’re going to respond while the person is still talking
  • Never interrupt. Wait two seconds before responding 🌟
    • Let your face react and process what the person said for about two seconds, then speak. This makes people much more comfortable, and makes you seem more intelligent.
    • Try to count out two seconds in your head before you reply to what people say. You will first notice that, often, people were not finished speaking. They merely paused. By waiting two seconds, you allow them to finish their entire thought. Rather than interrupting the other person, you communicate genuine interest and attention to what they are saying. Second, waiting two seconds creates a moment of tension between the end of their thought and your reply. Because most people immediately jump into their reply, in waiting two seconds you communicate confidence and power.

Power

Being perceived as able to affect the world around us, whether through influence on or authority over others, large amounts of money, expertise, intelligence, sheer physical strength, or high social status.

  • Boost your confidence
    • Spend time with proper posture, taking up space with confident poses, and spend time smiling. Eventually your brain will pick up to this pace.
    • Chose your music choice carefully. Music can affect your mood heavily.
  • Know a little about a lot
  • Become physically fit
  • Dress for power
    • Wear clothes similar to those that you want to attract
  • Be the Big Gorilla
    • Envision a large gorilla tromping through the jungle. That’s the way you want to move. Not necessarily just like it, but by taking up space and moving with a purpose.
    • Don’t be concerned with mild collisions.
  • Assume Power Poses
  • Take control of your environment
  • Speak less and slowly
  • Boost your poise
    • Imagine James Bond. This guy doesn’t fidget, and doesn’t look to earn approval from who he’s conversing with.
    • Don’t fidget, don’t look to assure or please the person you are speaking to.
    • Assume that you are already bringing enough and that they have to bring the rest.
    • Now that you are conveying power, be careful not to over do it, as you might intimidate some people. Remember to keep soft eyes. Another helpful tip is to tilt your head down just a bit. This seems respectful, and makes you seem more knowledgeable.

Warmth

Warmth fulfills the basic human need to be understood, acknowledged, and taken care of — a need rooted in our very being all the way from childhood

 

Wishing goodwill on others is an excellent way to reach warmth, and create a feeling of warmth in others. With expressing goodwill, your body language will dramatically change and make you more charismatic.

Find three things to appreciate or approve of of someone you want to express goodwill to, things such as “their shoes were shined” or “they were on time”.

Visualize people as wearing angel wings. This will make you want to express goodwill, and support angels. Feel free to envision yourself wearing them too in order to create a sense of team effort toward a good cause. A band of angels working together.

 

Developing Warmth Within

  • Practice gratitude
  • Develop your empathy

 

Conveying Warmth To Others

  • Think of yourself as the host
  • Lead with a sincere compliment
    • People have a craving for appreciation. Show appreciation by saying stuff like ,”You did a great job!” rather than “Great job!”
    • People would rather be reaffirmed that they made the right choice then find a fault with it, so remind people they had a choice with you, and express gratitude. That will further make them happy with their decision.
      This also works in reverse. If you blame someone, they will probably only look for validation that they are right.
  • Put more warmth in your voice
    • Speak lowly, and slowly. Pause frequently. Lower intonation at the end of sentences. Imagine the word “closed” when picturing a judge saying, “The case is closed.”
  • Mirror their body language
    • People like others who are similar in speech, demeanor, appearance, etc.
    • Mimic the motions of those you are speaking to. This creates a sense of trust.
    • Be selective. There’s just some you can’t recreate without being suspicious or some motions may be gender specific
    • Use variations in amplitude. If they go big with a motion, maybe go small. Only do what’s comfortable.
    • Don’t mirror someone who is angry. Break them from their angry pose by handing them something or something, then move into a non angry one.
  • Relax your posture
  • Open up your body
  • Give them your “kind” eyes
  • Smile
  • Anticipate needs
  • Offer something warm to drink
  • Give a good handshake
  • Give people a chance to let you know the effort they put into something
    • Show people how their involvement has helped. People will feel driven to help support it.
  • Make them feel comfortable
  • Remember dates, anniversaries, and details
  • Give thoughtful gifts
  • Take care of things
  • Ask for help
    • Use the Benjamin Franklin effect in which asking someone to do you a favor will make you seem more likeable.
    • Instead, ask for their opinion, which will make them feel more valued.
    • If you can, find some way to remind them of a past time they helped out, and attempt to praise them for the warmth they had for doing that.

Break The Ice

  • Excellent way to start communication with warmth is to compliment something someone is wearing.
  • From there, ask an open ended question about it, “What’s the story behind that, where is it from, etc.”
  • Ask more open ended questions that don’t have a definitive yes or no answer.
  • Using lingo that relates to what they are interested in. For instance, if someone is really into golf describe a success as a hole in one.

Graceful Exits

  • Don’t linger, break it off fairly quickly and leave on a high note.
  • Massive bonus points if you offer them something when you leave. Something such as a connection or a resource they might enjoy/need.
  • Don’t worry about what you said, or what you will say. A MIT Media Lab study showed that how you made them feel is what counted.
  • If someone told you they want to be saved from a conversation, focus all your warmth and charisma not on the person being rescued, but on the person who is going to lose them, and ask them, “I’m really sorry, but X is needed to do X, would you mind if I take them?”. This will give them the sense that they had some say in the matter while also avoiding hurting their feelings.

Charismatic Speaking

  • Speak about positive topics and make people feel good when you speak to them. Positive connotations will make them much more likely to want to converse with you in the future
  • Take a compliment in full. Don’t qualify (“Oh its nothing!” or “No I’m not!”) or you may make the person who gave you the compliment feel as if they were wrong to compliment you. Apply good listener skills for bonus points.
  • “You can get more friends in two months by becoming truly interested in other people than you can in two years by trying to get other people interested in you.”-Dale Carnegie.
  • Speaking with metaphors and creating images is more favorable to the brain, and more likely to make you sound like an effective speaker.
    Don’t use images when discussing negative things.

Deliver High Value

  • When you are speaking to someone you are demanding their time and attention. This is valuable, so you must deliver on it. For instance, you can do these three things to make it worth their time:
    • Make what you’re saying entertaining
    • Give interesting or helpful information
    • Find a way to arouse good feelings

Tuning your voice

  • Vocal Power
  • Vocal Warmth
  • Smile! This heavily affects how you sound and speak!

Divide and Conquer

  • Don’t try to win over a big group of people at once.
  • Understand which strategy you want to use with each person.

Delivering Bad News

  • Have distractions such as items for them to fidget with, candle light, or background music.
  • Prepare yourself to come from a place of compassion when you speak.

Delivering Criticism

  • Once again, create a comfortable environment, get into a compassionate place,
  • Get specific with your criticisms.
  • Depersonalize. Let the person know you are critiquing their behavior, not them.
  • “When you wait til the last possible minute to work on the presentation, I get nervous.” is the proper critique. “Why do you feel the need to wait til the last possible minute?” is not.

Critical Delivery

  • Start of on a positive note, such as bringing up their accomplishments.
  • Follow up with criticisms. Once again, depersonalize. Instead of asking “Could you get the presentation done earlier?”, say “In the future I would greatly appreciate it if you could be ready with the project a few days in advance.”
  • Deny yourself the joy of pointing out the fact that someone is wrong. Once again, make them feel good about themselves, then explain in a depersonalized way.
  • If things start getting verbally tense, remind them of times they’ve done well. Remember to mirror their actions to make them feel at ease.
  • End on a positive note.


 

Interviews

 

How to Answer?

In a job interview, what you say matters as much as how you say it. So don’t qualify your speech with unnecessary or unconfident adverbs.

Common Mistakes

1. Not smiling. People like to be around happy people.
2. Not making eye contact. Eye contact shows confidence.

3. Knowing nothing about the company. Do your research.

4. Practicing bad posture. Stop crossing your arms. Sit up straight.

5. Fidgeting too much. It can be hard when you are nervous, but try not to act like you are missing your drug fix.

6. Not showing enthusiasm. Act like you want to be there.

7. Complaining about previous jobs. Bad mouthing former employers won’t make you look good to potential new ones. Show some class.

8. Dressing too trendy. Don’t be flashy. Keep it boring and professional.

9. Not asking any questions. Yes, they want to make sure you are the right fit for the job, but you also have to make sure the job is the right fit for you.
10. Not being punctual. Arrive a little bit early. If you’re late, don’t bother showing up.

To effectively answer the “Tell Me About Yourself” question, your response should be broken into five categories.

  • Recent professional achievements
  • Educational achievements
  • Applicable skills
  • Professional goals
  • Reason for interest in the company

Unless necessary, try not to go over 30 seconds per category. That gives you a solid 2 minute and 30 second presentation to start yourself out on the right foot. Try not to go less than two minutes, and avoid going over 3 minutes.

For more details see: http://theundercoverrecruiter.com/tell-me-about-yourself-dos-donts/

 

At the end of your answer, add a line that shows why your skills and what you just said would make you a good asset for the firm. You should try to do this even with irrelevant questions. The Daily Muse even suggests using the opportunity to ask a question of your own, and when you do that, make it a question that makes you look favorable

Source: Lifehacker


What Are Your Strengths?

Frame your strengths as: ‘I accomplished X, relative to Y, by doing Z.’ Most people would write a résumé like this: ‘Wrote editorials for The New York Times.’ Better would be to say: ‘Had 50 op-eds published compared to average of 6 by most op-ed [writers] as a result of providing deep insight into the following area for three years.’

Source: Google’s senior vice president of people operations Laszlo Bock


What Are Your Weaknesses?

 


Questions You Can Ask The Interviewer

At the end of a job interview, most potential employers ask if you have any questions. If this makes you nervous, ask the interviewer their opinion, rather then asking a direct question. Frame your question as if you’re asking for the opinion or experience of the interviewer.

For example, instead of asking “What’s the company culture here?” try “What’s your favorite and least favorite thing about office life?” Instead of “How is the company hoping to grow in the next year?” try “What are you most excited about for the company in the next year?

Source: Focus on Your Interviewer’s Opinion to Avoid Dumb Questions

 

  • Is This a New Position, or Are You Looking to Backfill the Role?
  • What Are the Expectations for This Role—and How Regularly Are Employees Evaluated?
  • What Opportunities Do Employees Have for Professional Growth?
  • What Made You Excited About Joining the Company?

Source: 4 Nosy Interview Questions You’re Allowed to Ask (Because the Answers Matter)

What are the common attributes of your top performers?

What are the 5- and 10-year goals of the company? — This tells the interviewer that you’re thinking about the future, and that you care about where the company is going. You’ll get an idea of whether this is a company you want to stick around with or not.

What’s the process for on-boarding employees, and how do you handle beginner mistakes?

What are some ways the company focuses on team development?

Is This a Vacancy, or a New Position (and, if It’s a Vacancy, What’s Up)?

What Is the Turnover Rate on the Team (or, at This Organization)?

Do Team Members Typically Go Out for Lunch, or Do They Eat at Their Desks?

After This Conversation, Do You Have Any Hesitations About My Qualifications?

Keyboard Shortcuts

Using CTRL

  1. Ctrl+A : Select All objects
  2. Ctrl+B : Bold highlighted text
  3. Ctrl+C : Copy selected objects
  4. Ctrl+D : Bookmark open web page
  5. Ctrl+E : Center text
  6. Ctrl+F : Open Find window
  7. Ctrl+G :
    1. Open Favorites sidebar in IE.
    2. Opens Find and Replace in Word
  8. Ctrl+H :
    1. Open Find and Replace in Microsoft Word.
    2. Open History Tab in Chrome
  9. Ctrl+I : Make text Italics
  10. Ctrl+J : Opens View downloads in IE browsers, Chrome
  11. Ctrl+K : Create hyperlink for selected text in Word
  12. Ctrl+L :
    1. Select address in address bar in browser.
    2. Left align text in Word
  13. Ctrl+M : Indent selected text in word processors
  14. Ctrl+N : Create New instance of the document or program
  15. Ctrl+O : Open a new file
  16. Ctrl+P : Open print window
  17. Ctrl+R :
    1. Reload page in browser.
    2. Right align text in Word
  18. Ctrl+S : Save document
  19. Ctrl+T : Create a new tab in IE, Chrome, Firefox etc.
  20. Ctrl+U : Underline selected text
  21. Ctrl+V : Paste copied objects
  22. Ctrl+W : Close tab in IE or Word document
  23. Ctrl+X : Cut selected object
  24. Ctrl+Y : Redo the ‘Undo’ action.
  25. Ctrl+Z : Undo any action
  26. Ctrl+Esc : Open Start Screen or Start Menu
  27. Ctrl+Tab : Switch to the next tab in Chrome
  28. Ctrl+Alt+Del : Opens screen to Lock, Switch users, etc.
  29. Ctrl + 1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/0 : Switch to that numbered tab in Chrome
  30. Ctrl + +/-/= : Zoom In / Out / Zoom to Default in Chrome etc.
  31. Ctrl + Right Arrow : Move cursor to start of previous word
  32. Ctrl + Left Arrow : Move cursor to end of next word

Using CTRL + Shift

  1. Ctrl + Shift + A :
  2. Ctrl + Shift + B : Toggle Bookmark Bar in Google Chrome
  3. Ctrl + Shift + C :
  4. Ctrl + Shift + D :
  5. Ctrl + Shift + E :
    1. Center selected text in Google Docs
  6. Ctrl + Shift + F :
  7. Ctrl + Shift + G :
  8. Ctrl + Shift + H :
  9. Ctrl + Shift + I :
  10. Ctrl + Shift + J :
  11. Ctrl + Shift + K :
  12. Ctrl + Shift + L :
  13. Ctrl + Shift + M :
  14. Ctrl + Shift + N : Open Incognito Tab in Chrome
  15. Ctrl + Shift + O : Open Bookmarks tab in Chrome
  16. Ctrl + Shift + P : Open Private Browsing Tab in Firefox
  17. Ctrl + Shift + R :
  18. Ctrl + Shift + S : Save As
  19. Ctrl + Shift + T :
  20. Ctrl + Shift + U :
  21. Ctrl + Shift + V :
  22. Ctrl + Shift + W :
  23. Ctrl + Shift + X :
  24. Ctrl + Shift + Y :
  25. Ctrl + Shift + Z :
  26. Ctrl + Shift + Tab : Toggle-right to-left through open tabs
  27. Ctrl + Shift + Right Arrow : Select up to start of previous word
  28. Ctrl + Shift + Left Arrow : Select up to end of next word

ALT Shortcuts

  1. Press ‘Alt’ and the underlined letter in the highlighted option, to select that sub-option.

Posture


1. Sitting

  • Sitting down for the first time at your desk? Check to see if you’re leaning to far forward with your head and neck.

For people whose work involves sitting at a computer for several hours, it is imperative to cultivate healthy sitting habits. The spine is not designed to bear prolonged loads of weight in a static position, and this can cause future complications to the spinal column to develop.

When you sit on a chair, your lower back or the lumbar region of your spinal cord should get optimum support. Try and inculcate the habit of standing with your shoulders upright, which would help the head line up with the spinal cord.

 

Try to keep the top of the screen at an eye level, while making sure that both the arms and the wrists are properly supported by the chair and the table, while the head is resting back on the chair.

You want your mouse and keyboard to be as close together as possible, with the alphanumeric part of the keyboard centered on your desk. This means you want to pay attention to the keys, not the keyboard itself—most keyboards are asymmetrical, with the number pad on the right. Instead of putting the whole keyboard in the center of your desk, keep an eye on the “B” key. You want that to be directly in front of you and in the center of your desk (or, rather, where you’ll be sitting at your desk).

You want the point about 2 or 3 inches down from the top of the monitor casing to be at eye level. You also want the monitors to be about an arm’s length away from where you’re sitting.

If you’ve done everything right up until now, you’re in a fairly good position: your keyboard is directly in front of you and the right level for a 90 degree bend in your arms, and your monitor is at eye level so you shouldn’t be craning your neck up or down to see. In addition, you should always make sure that you:

Don’t slouch: this is an obvious one, but is pretty hard for some of us to remember. I found the biggest problem for me was that my seat back was much too far reclined. You want to be sitting up, with your back at about a 100 degree angle to your legs. By setting my seat back all the way forward and making sure I lay back against it, I’m finding it much, much easier to avoid slouching.

Keep your elbows close to your body and keep your wrists straight. This means you can’t be reaching for stuff, as I mentioned before—if you find your wrists or elbows aren’t playing nice, it’s probably because your mouse or keyboard is in the wrong position.

Keep your shoulders and back relaxed: tense shoulder and back muscles will cause all sorts of problems. Make sure they’re relaxed, which is probably going to require you not using the armrests when you’re typing. Your keyboard should already be at the right level where you don’t need to use the armrests, even if it goes against your instincts.



2. Standing



3. Using A Phone

  1. Reset your arm position so that your skull can stay stacked on your head.
  2. Learn to use your eye muscles for looking at things.
  3. Bend your arm at the elbow and prop your elbow against your front of your ribcage, and have your phone propped up closer to your face.

     


4. Exercises For Better Posture

 

Janda’s “Shortfoot”

Egoscue credits this move to Vladimir Janda, a Czech physician who treated patients suffering from chronic pain or mobility issues until he died in 2002. To perform the move, you stand with one foot about two foot-lengths in front of the other. In this position, you simply raise and lower the toes of the front foot 20 to 30 times. Doing this counteracts some of the negative effects of wearing shoes all day, which can weaken the muscles of the ankle and arch. “You’ll be stunned how compromised the fascia and the muscles tissue in the feet are once you start performing the move,” Egoscue says.

2015-08-03-1438618726-7029772-_DSC433813.jpg

 

 


5. Sleeping

 

Sleeping on the back, instead of side can help improve your posture, since while sleeping on back, the spinal cord gets complete support from the bed and the shoulders line up perfectly with the body.

 

5.1. Pillow

Which kind of pillow you use is an individual preference, but a flat pillow is better if you sleep on back most of the time and the opposite is true of you sleep on the side.
You can also place one or more pillows below your knees when sleeping on the back to reduce strain on lower lumbar region.

 

 

 

 

For specific sleeping styles: 

  1. Back sleepers should look at memory foam, because it molds to the neck’s curve, or a water pillow, which has consistent support. A pillow under your knees can help your lower back.
  2. Side sleepers may also benefit from sleeping with a pillow between their knees: It helps improve spinal alignment. For your head, look for a medium-firm pillow that supports the space under your neck when lying down.
  3. Sleep on your stomach? Unfortunately, your sleeping style isn’t recommended at all, because of the stress on your lower back and potential for neck pain. Try sleeping with a giant body pillow in front of you to give you a similar feeling.

5.2. Mattress

Your body type dictates the type of support you need.

If your hips are wider than your waist, a softer mattress can accommodate the width of your pelvis and allow your spine to remain neutral, as shown [above].

If your hips and waist are in a relatively straight line, a more rigid surface offers better support. The right support is medium firm and not too thick. It keeps your head and neck in a line, as if you were standing up.